Bonding or directly made composite veneers
Bonding, just like veneers, can adjust the shape, length, colour, as well as missing parts of the natural teeth as a result of wearing or breaking. Its advantage is that no filing of the enamel is required, because a composite material is applied (the so-called additive technique). It is made directly in the dental office in one visit and is modelled on the tooth/teeth. Using a composite of different colour and transparency, extremely aesthetic results are achieved that resemble the beauty of the natural teeth.
- Orthodontic deviations:
- Presence of rotated teeth. When it comes to slightly rotated teeth, this problem can be masked by direct addition of a composite material (bonding). Thus, by changing the outer surface of the tooth, it may seem straight, which improves the appearance of the smile.
- Presence of a gap between the teeth (diastema/trema) up to 2 mm. Apart from the fact that the gap between the front teeth is considered unaesthetic, it can also be a cause of phonetic problems. Bonding can increase the size of the teeth so that there are no gaps between them and they have the correct width and height proportions.
- Atypical form of the lateral incisors (microdontia). This is a common problem, where the lateral incisors are very small in size (they are also called “pig shape”), which can lead to gaps between the teeth. The shape of these incisors can be adjusted with bonding in one visit, so that they look harmonious.
- Lack of lateral incisors (hypodontia) and displacement of the canine teeth to their place. In this case, the canine teeth, which are different in shape from the lateral incisors, are situated next to the two central incisors (the two front teeth). This causes disharmony of the smile. With a composite (bonding) the shape of the canine teeth can be adjusted, so that it maximally resembles that of the lateral incisors.
- Acquired or other aesthetic defects – these are other reasons that may negatively affect your smile and its aesthetics.
- 1. Discolourations (tooth colour change). Acquired discolourations are usually the result of devitalization of the teeth and filling their roots with colouring dental materials. These teeth are mostly reddish-brown or greyish-black in colour. The most suitable option for aesthetic correction of such teeth is internal whitening (endo whitening), which in most cases can restore the natural colour of the tooth. If the intensity of these discolourations is very high, it is possible that the endo whitening will not produce the desired colour. In this case, the application of a composite material can mask the changed colour of the tooth.
- 2. Loss of some part of the hard tooth tissues due to abrasion (tooth wear), erosion (because of increased acidity in the oral cavity), abfraction (slight fractures of the cutting edges), fracture (mostly as a result of trauma) can be adjusted by artistic restoration with a composite (bonding).