What is bonding and do we need it?
The term “bonding” originates from the English “bond”. It describes a technique, whereby the dentist places a composite material (polymer) directly onto the tooth surface without or with minimal wasting of dental tissues. Dental bonding is used for direct restoration of teeth. This procedure removes the aesthetic imperfections of the teeth and adjusts the shape, size, colour, breaks and gaps between the teeth. Photopolymeric materials are used and deposited by special techniques.
Bonding is cheaper than veneers, but it lasts shorter. This is due to the fact that the photopolymeric material is “softer” than the natural enamel and is worn over time. It is exactly this quality that is one of its main positive aspects. When a natural tooth and a tooth built with a composite meet, the composite is worn over time and the tooth enamel is not. This makes it a material that protects the natural teeth. Another advantage of bonding is the gentle treatment of the tooth during its preparation. Unlike veneers and crowns, bonding does not require filing of the top layer of the teeth. As a result, the enamel is preserved, and even after removal of the material, your teeth will remain healthy and sustainable. Bonding can be done in the dental office in one visit. As a result, the price of bonding is lower than the price of veneers. On average, bonding lasts 8-10 years.
Bonding is an appropriate procedure in the following cases: discolouration of teeth that are not subject to whitening, cutting (chipping) edges and broken parts of the tooth periphery, traumatic defects, gaps between the teeth (trema), tooth surface loss (abrasion), loss of dental tissues from excessive use of carbonated beverages and/or fresh juices (erosion), and adjustment of the tooth shape.
Of course, each case is unique and requires an individual approach. Your dentist should consider a number of other factors and advise you how to improve the aesthetics of your smile. Together, you will choose the most appropriate option for you, in order to achieve the desired results.
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